Bunions - Causes and Treatments

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Bunions - Causes and Treatments

Thinking you have a bunion? It could be. These foot deformities start small but often expand into larger problems that impact gait, comfort, and appearance. At Oakton Foot and Ankle Center in Fairfax, VA, our podiatrists successfully treat bunions. Dr. Steven Vetter or Dr. Jugal Dharia can help your feet, too.

A progressive problem

A bunion is a prominent, bony bump on the side of your foot. It forms at the base of the big toe, and over time, angles that toe toward or even over additional toes. Pain, friction, corns, calluses, and impaired walking result. Some people even get ingrown toenails, reports Harvard Health.

How do bunions form?

Foot structure has something to do with this common podiatric problem. In other words, if your mom has bunions, you may develop them, too.

However, other issues contribute to bunion formation:

  1. Narrow, high-heeled shoes with poor arch support
  2. Age (middle years and up)
  3. Obesity
  4. Gait issues, such as overpronation
  5. Arthritis or other degenerative diseases, such a polio

Getting treatment

The first step is an examination at Oakton Foot and Ankle Center in Fairfax, VA. Your podiatrist will look at your feet and at how you walk. He may take X-rays, too.

Your treatment plan may include several simple interventions. Bunionectomy, or removal of the bump and re-alignment of the big toe, happens only if conservative measures fail to improve comfort and ability to walk properly.

Your care plan may involve:

  • Shoe padding to reduce friction and irritation
  • Corn and callus removal by your podiatrist
  • Strapping to align the toe at night
  • Custom-crafted shoe orthotics to cushion and accommodate the bump
  • Cortisone injections to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Non-prescription analgesics, such as ibuprofen
  • Massage with a moisturizing oil or lotion
  • Heat or ice packs (don't put them directly on your skin, says the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • Stretching exercises
  • Keeping a proper body weight
  • Wearing shoes with low heels, adequate arch and heel support, and adequate room in the toe boxes

Come see us

At Oakton Foot and Ankle Center in Fairfax, VA, your podiatrists, Dr. Steven Vetter and Dr. Jugal Dharia, would like to help your feet look and feel their best. After all, they are indispensable!. Call for bunion treatment at (703) 352-8888.